Stocks & Shares
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- Part-ownership of enterprise.
- Rewards consist of dividends & capital appreciation.
- Excellent long-term investment
- During the 20th century stocks returned an average of around 10%
- But volatile in the short term.
- Ordinary stocks / shares offer share of profits + voting rights.
- Preference shares are paid ahead of ordinary shares but offer reduced
rights & fixed returns.
- Mutual funds/ investment trusts / unit trusts / OEICS -
allow small investor to spread funds across many stocks / shares
- UK: investment trusts are companies whose purpose is to invest
money in stocks and shares in a particular sector and/or with particular
- Investment trusts have a fixed number of shares - unlike unit
trusts and OEICS where shares are created and destroyed as they
are bought and sold.
- Many investment trusts offer low cost savings plans making these
an excellent vehicle for the small investor to gain exposure to
the stock market and to spread risk.
Association of Investment Trust Companies Web site for more
- Online stock trading
- Internet provides extremely competitive commission charges for
- Check whether stocks/shares are registered in your name, or held
(on your behalf in a nominee account.
- If stocks/shares held in a nominee account, check
- whether a periodic management fee is applied (this can eat
away at returns);
- charges on sales;
- whether you can receive company reports and voting rights.